Friday, October 19, 2012

Victory for Hindus Against Companies That Misuse Hinduism: Asia Home Gourmet apologizes for Misuse of Diwali

Namaste, Hari Om,

Thanks for reading, below is a brief case study of how a local Hindu person stood up to a multinational corporation which was representing Hinduism (Diwali) in the wrong way. Everyone owes it to themselves, their families, friends and ancestors to stand up for their religion/culture when it is being defaced, but standing up should always be in a respectful and peaceful/diplomatic manner.

This world needs brave people who are ethically conscious and care about the present and future generations perceptions of their culture/religion. Most of the misrepresentations of any culture usually takes place out of a lack of knowledge not so much from ‘’hatred’’ or disrespect.

For all of those young up and coming Hindus, use this as an example and inspiration for your beliefs. Please be diplomatic and peaceful when bringing truth to companies/organizations who misuse Hinduism. A sincere request goes a long way.

Also when your school discusses Hinduism and the books are wrong, correct the books and offer to present on Hinduism (together with an adult or Hindu mentor if needed).

Recently a local Hindu person walked into a grocery store in Germany and noticed an advertisement for Diwali from Asia Home Gourmet. It painted pictures of a dia/lamp and a lady holding it as she was in worship, performing a scared act of Aarti (offering light to God as a representation of thanks and love for all that is divine). The advertisement stated, ‘’Enjoy Authentic Asian Flavours this Diwali’’. Of course having meat below was a strong misrepresentation.

The whole picture had a good intention of being ''homely'' except for what was pictured on the bottom of the advertisement, products containing meat. The Hindu person petitioned on their Facebook page as well as emailed various Asia Home Gourmet subsidiaries around the globe. This petition was a formal and direct request to firstly, understand Hinduism and that Diwali represents purity and should not be associated with meat. Secondly, this was a formal request to stop using/representing Diwali in a way that mixes meat with worship. The local activist was inspired by an article ''Seer hits road to stop misuse of God figures'', which discusses a seer who wants to help others know how to respect and use God figures etc... concerned Hindu’s letter below:

After a span of 3 weeks and many emails as well as support from Hindus and sincere non Hindus on Facebook, Asia Home Gourmet provided apologies and understanding of their use. They also promised to never advertise Diwali with meat products as this sends a wrong message to those who do not know about Diwali. Asia Home Gourmet’s response:


Ending with:

Lessons Learned:
Hindus and those who want respect for all religions are thankful for Asia Home Gourmet’s response. They accepted the error, apologized and put a corrective plan moving forward. This peaceful request was met by a sincere care for their Hindu customers who acknowledged the misrepresentation of Diwali.

Be proud to be Hindu and what Hinduism stands for. The greatness of Hinduism is that the ideals can be adopted and used by anyone, its not bound to a race or location etc. Hinduism will always be here as the knowledge and scriptures come from the inner conscience of Rishis and great Sages.

Stand and be strong to corruption in Temples, communities and especially within your daily lives. Be ethical and truthful to yourself, to your fellow brothers and sisters of this world. If any other religion, faith or person faces unethical treatment, come to their aid.

Don’t be afraid, the greatest silent supporter will guide you with divine hands.

Jai Shri SitaRam

Saturday, September 29, 2012

Ganesh Chaturthi 11th day Closing – Why do we Submerge Ganesha in Water?

Namaste, Hari Om,

I wanted to talk about this event that is done at the end of Ganesh Chaturthi festival as it is never really talked about in detail. It’s a 11 day festival in which Lord Ganesh is worshiped and then submerged in the sea/water on the 11th day. While you read this post you can see pictures from our humble worship, we are not professionals in this murthi/idol making process, but with love in your heart anyone can be the best among professionals. 

First off, I was corrected by someone who said Ganesh is not the ‘’elephant God’’, but rather a elephant faced God. That person who correct me, was further corrected by another who said, Ganesha is the ‘’God with an elephant head’’. Technicalities are there for understanding, but as long as we know the story of Ganesha we should be ok.

Lord Ganesh, son of Parvati and Shiva, is widely known as the obstacle clearing God. To the general world he is well perceived as the one who brings good luck as well. The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is a time when we can pray to him for guidance on our path of spirituality and understanding the self. Worship comes in many forms and practices, but today we will analyze the Idol submergence on the last day.

Idol worship is nothing more than non-idol worship. Yes that sounds like a paradox but think about it, when you focus your mind and thoughts on something or someone, you close your eyes and capture the image of that object/person. With idol worship its one step in the process of going within, it helps stimulate the senses to help our mind go further as we internalize the sensory images, wishes and thoughts of what we are focusing on. Furthermore, channeling energy can be done with or without an idol/murthi.

Making Ganapati
Thus making the Idol at the beginning of Ganesh Chaturthi helps to not only build a connection with Lord Ganesh but to also input our energy in our hands (via our Nadis/nerve connections) into the Ganesha. You can build it yourself or buy one to worship then submerge, but building it yourself (no matter how it comes out), if done with love, has a greater meaning.

Back to the question - Why do we Submerge Ganesha in Water (called Visarjan or Vinayaka Nimarjana)? There are some reasons depending on how you look at things;

1.       Spiritual Level:  It is said that Lord Ganesh comes and meets us all for these few days, after the days are over he takes all of our wishes and negative energy to dispel with him as he journeys back to mount Kailash  to meet his mother and father, Shri Parvati and Lord Shiva. Submerging him is our way of sending him off on his journey. After worship of coconuts, modak, rice, flower etc.. Ganapati baba is worshiped by all in the streets/homes and sent to the sea. All of these rituals and process brings people together to share their energy, their love and their willingness of acceptance. Families and communities spend time together in a positive way in which harmony exists.

2.       Physical level with a spiritual connection: The Idol represents our love and devotion as well as our appreciation for Ganesha Ji. The idol was built from our minds and hands, we worshiped it physically daily and submerging it in water (which eventually the idol dissolves) represents our love and devotion being part of a greater picture of the world. Further there are symbolism of the submergence, it is to teach us that we are all one with the world and that we should not have attachment. We get very close to this physical form that was created yet this form of Ganesha is still there with us. The whole event teaches us that Lord Ganapati is still looking after us and is always there even after submergence as the presence of God is omnipresent and omnipotent.

Special Altar/Asaan made for
Ganapati Baba in our temple
Why all of these elaborate external sensory stimulating events and prayers? The goal of spirituality is to think spiritual and be in a mindset that lets you wear the glasses of truth. By first being one with the external world and these celebrations we can develop our inner outlook to go within. Just as I said earlier about Idol worship, all of these physical events are there for us as a stepping stone.

By thinking of God, good thoughts and well for the universe(s) we will bring positive energy to us faster. These festivals and rituals make up a portion of our path towards seeking our true selves within. Enjoy them and develop the love for what you are doing.

Using the sea is one option, but many
prefer a humble quiet offering
and later offering the water into
the earth/plants or even the sea
Bathing Ganapati baba with nariyal paani

Remember, Hinduism, spirituality or this desire of looking inward is not difficult – It is what you make it out to be. As long as you are a seeker you are already on the right path. Let everyday events in your life be satsangs (spiritual gatherings), worship and seva (charity). This does not mean have a kathaa (religious discourse) at work, but let good energy flow from yourself to another’s environment by saying positive thoughts about an action or trait. Sacrifice something every day in the name of God, give up your seat in a packed room, let a car go by who needs to pass or just simply hold a door for someone. When you feel that you are not progressing, dont look for outward approval from others or even from this world, everything is within. The heavenly aura of your inner beauty hypnotizes oneself like a soothing wind that envelopes a fragrant jasmine field. Without the wind (inner beauty) no one can know of the true divinity that comes from the Jasmine (ourselves).

May Lord Ganesh bless us all with prosperity towards the path of seeking the true self, help those without peace, food, shelter and without love – may they be blessed to have fulfillment and peace. Most importantly, may those negative energies stray away from our minds and environments.  

Jai Shri Maha SiddhiVinayaakaaya Namaha,
-          SimpleHinduBhai

Sending Ganapati Baba Away to Mount Kailash

Saturday, August 25, 2012

Mudra's (hand gestures) and Meditation - Why is it important?

Namaste, Hari Om,

Picture Source: 

What is a mudra? Mudra (moo-draa) are often seen as folks sit and meditate or while they are performing religious rights. It is a hand gesture that brings the hands or fingers together to combine elements for a desired feeling and or energy.

Before we talk about mudras and the importance, note that although this is derived from ancient scriptures of Hinduism it does not belong to Hinduism alone. It is for the world and for anyone to use regardless of who you are. It is something that goes beyond the label of religion, gender, race or even belief. Its universal.

As you can see from the above picture there are elements per finger:

Thumb -  Fire (Agni)
Index -    Air (Vayu)
Middle -  Space (Aakash)
Ring -      Earth (Prithvi)
Little -     Water (Jal)

When these elements come together it eases our body and minds to help us in our daily lives. Performing the physical act of the mudra is only one part of the process of creating energy and easing the mind. The mind and breathe must be aligned and ready to accept the effects of the Mudra.

A natural balance is desired when we are meditating, we must calm our bodies and minds when there is a fire or too much vayu, air. These mudras are truly free from negative elements, they are positive and can be practiced any time.

The link below provides great details on the mudras and their effects. One important note that the site makes is that mudras are linked to healing. Concentration and conjuring of the elements can help us greatly. A great deal of energy is stored in the finger tips that is why many east asians eat with their hands. Energy and the elements are further incorporated into their food prior to intake into their mouth.

Mudras enhance our meditation, it is great to practice daily along with your meditation, it helps your mind concentrate and builds your confidence. Find the mudra that works for you and your goals, the Ganesh Mudra which is easy to do will help with your opening of the heart chakra and meditating on Lord Ganesh.

Lastly there is a link below that describes mudras and the health benefits.

Further links read more into Mudras: 

Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Happy Janmashtami 2012! Aug 9th in the Western world (US) and Aug 10th in the Eastern world (Europe/India)

Namaste, Hari Om,

Wishing you and your families a happy Krishna Janmashtami.

For the western world it should approx begin at 430pm on Thursday Aug 9th 2012,  and for Europe and Asia it will be on Aug 10th 2012 since that region is about 6-12hrs ahead.

It is a great time to reflect on the love and stories of Lord Krishna, from reading the beloved Gita to the Mahabharat, there are endless ways to reflect.

Many families go to temple and come home in time to rock a baby Krishna in a small rocking-bed, some fast and perform puja in his name. And some sing bhajans to conjure the love that they have.

What ever you do, and how ever you do it, always keep the love alive and the feelings.

The birth of Lord Krishna can be found here,, a great article by Subhamoy Das.

Furthermore nice songs and mantras are also available throughout the internet.

The day after Krishna Janmashtami is called Dahi handi during Nanda Utsav. Its where people form human pyramids to get the Dahi out of the high hanging clay pot, just as Lord Krishna did as a young boy.

Enjoy with fun and love for all,

Jai Shri Krishna,

Friday, May 4, 2012

Made in India: Corrupt Volunteering Programs, Abusing the Poor with ‘’Sympathetic Tourism’’

Namaste, Hari Om,

I am writing this article to shed light on something that I have witnessed many times first hand. This in no way should cloud what a beautiful country India is, and should not taint the other beautiful souls that have been in the shelter under Bharat Mata. Like any nation there are good and bad. I want to inform those who do not see beyond the tourism or even those who are from India and have ‘’affluent blind’’ backgrounds and  for those who never rub elbows with the ‘’poor’’ (or what I like to call the awakened souls as most of them know what life is about). In the end, when you don’t have you know the value of not having.

There are many things made in India, steel, cars,  incense, sweets, wonderful food, ghee, saris, and sadly leather tanneries. These are tangible products we can eat, use and wear (and hopefully not to wear i.e. leather) etc.. What about tourism? Tourism ranges from purely sightseeing all the way to medical tourism. A trend that is picking up quickly is what I like to call ‘’sympathetic tourism’’.

I have volunteered in India many times, I thought the best way to help my ‘’mother land’’ was to help the people who get the shorter end of the stick in life. I used vacation time from work, paid for my own tickets and stayed with host families. The experience gained takes you far out of your comfort zone, although this may sound  harsh and some would question why, the discomfort and displacement is replaced by pure love and smiles that have no price. Seeing the depths of societies that one would not usually see changes your life. From older folks and how they lived and witnessed the change of India over the decades, to children who have no parents and understanding how they cope with societies view of being disabled or even a girl for that matter.

Everyone should volunteer, whether it’s at a local soup kitchen, hospital or even in the villages of Zambia. I have met doctors who take their time to go to countries and provide free healthcare to anyone who asked for it. The sheer love is reciprocated and provides strong spiritual growth similar to lifting weights every day, your heart and mind becomes stronger.

Seva is performing a good act without looking for a return or merit.

Unfortunately there are many volunteers that truly want to give back to India but are met with corrupt men who own and operate slum zoo’s. Slum zoo’s may seem harsh but it is reality, these men gather groups of children, assign a teacher and calls it a school. They then advertise on the internet to (mainly Europeans) to visit India and gain an experience in helping children in poor stricken areas. The expected goal of the volunteer is to give back to society from a western point of view (i.e. cultural sharing, teaching math/English), understand the local customs and culture and see India not only from a tourism point of view.

If you Google ‘’Volunteer in India’’, you will see sites by the hundreds marketing their services to would be volunteers. It is sad to see that many of them are corrupt and it is hard to see this without witnessing their ‘’volunteer system’’ first hand. They abuse the local labor to form these pseudo organizations, abusing the slums and telling the parents that their children is getting an education when they really are not.  Next they incorporate or form a business name in foreign countries such as the US or within Europe (via their blinded former volunteers).

Volunteers pay large amounts for their plane tickets, and then volunteer fees range from hundreds to thousands depending on where you are. Many volunteer programs claim that it takes allot of money to run an orphanage or school, but if you look at local conversion factors, 30 volunteers in a month paying (for example) 350-500USD per program, that equals to $10,500-15000USD (600,000-800,000 Rupees). How on earth does a volunteer group use all of that? Answer is simple, the money hardly ever sees the true cause. With corrupt volunteer programs, most if not all of the money is never seen by the children who need it. I have seen volunteers buy shoes for ‘’slum kids’’ and then the following week it is gone. Sometimes it is sold for food, taken back by the organizations owners then sold.

The organizers of these slum schools, orphanages and other schools are struggling themselves. They abuse the sincerity of the volunteers, they mask their programs as nice and caring but the reality is the children are used as if they are zoo animals to attract more volunteers. You can see the organizers encouraging the volunteers to take pictures and spread their names across social media outlets. Even when you speak to the local teachers who work there they are not allowed to ill speak the treatment or the process. Few have opened up and it’s the same.

Note, this is not to say that every orphanage, volunteer group and school is corrupted. Even if you go its hard to tell unless you are behind the lines. It’s ok if you don’t see this when you volunteer or give a donation, in your heart you are trying your best and doing good for the kids within the corruption.

I felt it brings no justice by being quiet, many countries have corrupt people who abuse disabled children, poor stricken areas and local labor, but to do this in the name of selfless volunteers and helpless children? That is just wrong.

Sympathetic tourism is exactly what it is, westerns feeling the need to help a society that is in need (which is ok). The corrupted men that build what they deem ‘’slum zoo’s’’ to attract these westerns are usually doing it in the name of their God, the Rupee.

Please be cautious to whom you volunteer with, sometimes a low price for a volunteer program can indicate an abused and neglected slum school or orphanage. I am not saying that this is true, on the other hand those who do not charge for volunteering are also a positive step. Do not be fooled, please write about your experiences online and bring light to these corrupt people.

In the name of the kids that are abused for money, I encourage all to shed light, let the good penetrate the dark souls.

How to be careful:

1.       Volunteer with hospitals, proper NGOs (non-governmental organizations) – seek those who are registered with governmental agencies or public schools DO NOT volunteer with organizations with no support or structure, these can be in bad areas where hospitals and police stations are far away

2.       Stay clear of shady setups, those who piece together websites and fancy pictures and grass roots organizations who setup shelters and schools in the name of money. Qualify them by doing research. Be careful of being ‘’pawned’’ off, if your volunteer leader is not there to talk to you and understand how you feel it is a bad sign

3.       Try not to donate money immediately, offer to buy food and serve it immediately, offer to pay for trips for the kids, offer to buy medicine and dispense it (along with a local doctor) immediately
4.       Don’t stray away from the kids/program, offer your cultural and educational services, broaden their view of the world, offer your language or other skills (i.e. dancing, acting, drawing or even games) as well

5.       Be cautious of those who ask for monetary donations upfront, ESPECIALLY those who ask for a ‘’set amount’’. I always say, if someone (a local) knows the current exchange rate for currency, run far away!

6.       What you put in, you will get out, ask questions, find out how they live, ask the locals about the volunteer programs, how the local government helps them, ask about their history and what they think of the world. Most importantly, ask ‘’what do you want to ask me’’.

7.       Talk to past volunteers, try to get an understanding of their thoughts, ask for 2 bad points and 2 good points etc.

8.       Be extremely careful of super extra preferential (i.e. being treated like royalty) treatment. A true selfless person would not go out of their way to ‘’kiss up’’ to foreigners for more money or donations, they will be humble and kind

9.       Read online reviews, many forums discuss the program you are going to

10.   Be cautious of the volunteering environments, understand where you go might be an area with police stations that are far away, same for hospitals. ALWAYS be cautious of the local norms and cultures, Women especially must be careful, many parts women are not respected rape and assault can take place

Do not let corruption taint your wish to help selflessly. There are millions that need a smile, a hug and even a hand to feed them, do not give up.

Jai Shri Bhoomi Mata,

Sunday, March 25, 2012

Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj: Lessons from Adversity

Namaste, Hari Om,

Got this email from a good friend regarding Adversities in life, we face them as we walk this path of karmic burning, below highlights answers to things we question during adversities. 

Enjoy, Ram Ram,


Lessons from Adversity
Message: H.H. Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj
Featured in Highlights Newsletter March 23, 2012
Life is filled with many adversities. 

We struggle with health problems, financial problems, relationship problems, and emotional problems. We wonder why God does not grant us a life of ease, free of burdens.
There is a beautiful example from nature that gives us a different perspective about adversity. The eagle finds the tallest tree or the highest mountain ledge to build its nest. Few people can see how the eagle builds its nest because it is too high for most people. Some researchers found ways to observe the eagle building the nest and were surprised by its unusual method. The eagle lays the first layer of the nest with sharp objects such as thorns and jagged and sharp stones. It is hard to believe that the eagle finds these razor sharp objects as an appropriate nest for its young. Next, the eagle covers the layer of sharp objects with soft material, such as wood, feathers, and animal fur. As the baby birds hatch from their eggs, the soft layer of the nest surrounds them.

After they grow a bit, the mother eagle takes the nest material and mixes it up. The jumbled mass becomes a mixture of the sharp objects and the soft ones. She takes her talons and then begins to point the sharp objects towards the baby birds. Some of the sharp edges even cut against the baby birds’ skin. Soon, the mother stops putting the food from her mouth into the babies’ mouths. Suddenly, their comfortable world has become painful. They are hungry because the mother has stopped feeding them, and they are in pain from the sharp edges cutting into their bodies. Then, the mother eagle even uses her beak to remove the soft material from the nest, leaving only the sharp objects. The discomfort becomes so great that the babies want to leave the nest. They then begin to fly away to get out of the nest.

It may seem that the mother eagle is cruel in creating a painful environment for the baby eagles. But the lesson in adversity is that the pain causes them to want to escape from their comfortable existence. The mother eagle stirs up the discontent so they can leave the nest and fly towards independence.

The Value of Adversity

This beautiful analogy from nature explains the value of adversity in our lives. If people were too happy and comfortable in their physical existence, they would never seek God. Most people turn to God only in times of trouble. When they are faced with intolerable pain, an incurable illness, a devastating loss, or a financial disaster, they find that life is not as great as they thought it was. Suddenly, life becomes difficult. All the ease and comfort they may have previously experienced is converted into a sense of darkness and doom. It is during those times of pain and crises that we begin to wonder if life is as good as we thought. We start to wonder if there is more to life. We begin to question if there is a God, and what is the purpose of this life.

Adversity turns our face to God. 

Without it, most people would not give God a second thought. They would live and die without even thinking about God. Suffering has the value of turning our attention to the Lord. It makes us pray to God to help us. When things become so rough, it causes us to question what life is about and we begin to search for answers.
Saints and spiritual Masters have spoken of gifts that we may be given to turn us to God. One is the gift of poverty. When we are rich and living in the lap of luxury, we do not think about God. But when we suddenly lose all that we own, our stocks drop, or we lose our home, we begin to think about God. Another is the gift of ignominy. When we have name and fame, and people respect and praise us, we are happy and do not think about God. But when the tides turn and we are slandered, criticized, and vilified, suddenly we turn to God for help. Misfortunes have the power to make us turn to a higher Power for help.

A Wake Up Reminder from God

Sometimes if we become too complacent, God may shake things up a bit to make us do our spiritual work. God wants all of the baby eagles to soar. God wants us to soar from this physical region to the astral, from the astral region to the causal region, from the causal region to the supracausal region, and from there to return to the highest spiritual realms. God may do whatever it takes to help all the eagles fly and return Home.
If faced with adversity from which it seems there is nothing we can do to relieve it, we should take it as a gift from God to remind us that this world is not our true Home. It is a wakeup call to teach us that we should not be too comfortable in this physical world, as it is actually a region of maya, of pain, and of suffering. We can wake up to the sharpness of life so that we can rise from this physical world and soar into spiritual realms within. At times, God removes the soft coverings so we can be reminded that this life is painful and full of suffering. This realization will drive us to put in a greater effort to meditate more and to soar to our Home of true peace, the lap of God.

Sunday, March 18, 2012

Reasons behind many of the common Hindu Customs

Hari Om, Namaste,

I got this from a close personal friend, thought this information would help us all, I am not sure who wrote it, but whomever it was, they have done a great deed.

We do these things every day and yet some things are done without meaning, we should always try to know why we do things that way there will be a stronger significance in doing it.

Do enjoy and pass it on to many folks,

1. Why do we light a lamp?

In almost every Indian home a lamp is lit daily before the altar of the Lord. In some houses it is lit at dawn, in some, twice a day – at dawn and dusk – and in a few it is maintained continuously (akhanda deepa). All auspicious functions commence with the lighting of the lamp, which is often maintained right through the occasion.

Light symbolizes knowledge, and darkness, ignorance. The Lord is the "Knowledge Principle" (chaitanya) who is the source, the enlivener and the illuminator of all knowledge. Hence light is worshiped as the Lord himself.

Knowledge removes ignorance just as light removes darkness. Also knowledge is a lasting inner wealth by which all outer achievement can be accomplished. Hence we light the lamp to bow down to knowledge as the greatest of all forms of wealth
Why not light a bulb or tube light? That too would remove darkness. But the traditional oil lamp has a further spiritual significance. 

The oil or ghee in the lamp symbolizes our vaasanas or negative tendencies and the wick, the ego. When lit by spiritual knowledge, the vaasanas get slowly exhausted and the ego too finally perishes. The flame of a lamp always burns upwards. Similarly we should acquire such knowledge as to take us towards higher ideals.

Whilst lighting the lamp we thus pray:
Deepajyothi parabrahma
Deepa sarva tamopahaha
Deepena saadhyate saram
Sandhyaa deepo namostutea

I prostrate to the dawn/dusk lamp; whose light is the Knowledge Principle (the Supreme Lord), which removes the darkness of ignorance and by which all can be achieved in life.

2. Why do we have a  prayer room?

Most Indian homes have a prayer room or altar. A lamp is lit and the Lord worshipped each day. Other spiritual practices likejapa (repetition of the Lord's name), meditation, paaraayana (reading of the scriptures), prayers, and devotional singing etc is also done here. Special worship is done on auspicious occasions like birthdays, anniversaries, festivals and the like. Each member of the family – young or old – communes with and worships the Divine here.

The Lord is the entire creation. He is therefore the true owner of the house we live in too. The prayer room is the Master room of the house. We are the earthly occupants of His property. This notion rids us of false pride and possessiveness.
The ideal attitude to take is to regard the Lord as the true owner of our homes and us as caretakers of His home. But if that is rather difficult, we could at least think of Him as a very welcome guest. Just as we would house an important guest in the best comfort, so too we felicitate the Lord's presence in our homes by having a prayer room or altar, which is, at all times, kept clean and well-decorated.

Also the Lord is all pervading. To remind us that He resides in our homes with us, we have prayer rooms. Without the grace of the Lord, no task can be successfully or easily accomplished. We invoke His grace by communing with Him in the prayer room each day and on special occasions.
Each room in a house is dedicated to a specific function like the bedroom for resting, the drawing room to receive guests, the kitchen for cooking etc. The furniture, decor and the atmosphere of each room are made conducive to the purpose it serves. So too for the purpose of meditation, worship and prayer, we should have a conducive atmosphere – hence the need for a prayer room.

Sacred thoughts and sound vibrations pervade the place and influence the minds of those who spend time there. Spiritual thoughts and vibrations accumulated through regular meditation, worship and chanting done there pervade the prayer room. Even when we are tired or agitated, by just sitting in the prayer room for a while, we feel calm, rejuvenated and spiritually uplifted.

3. Why do we do namaste ?

Indians greet each other with namaste. The two palms are placed together in front of the chest and the head bows whilst saying the word namaste. This greeting is for all – people younger than us, of our own age, those older than friends, even strangers and us.
There are five forms of formal traditional greeting enjoined in the shaastras of which namaskaram is one. This is understood as prostration but it actually refers to paying homage as we do today when we greet each other with a namaste.

Namaste could be just a casual or formal greeting, a cultural convention or an act of worship. However there is much more to it than meets the eye. In Sanskrit namah + te = namaste. It means – I bow to you – my greetings, salutations or prostration to you. Namaha can also be literally interpreted as "na ma" (not mine). It has a spiritual significance of negating or reducing one's ego in the presence of another.

The real meeting between people is the meeting of their minds. When we greet another, we do so with namaste , which means, "may our minds meet," indicated by the folded palms placed before the chest. The bowing down of the head is a gracious form of extending friendship in love and humility.

The spiritual meaning is even deeper. The life force, the divinity, the Self or the Lord in me is the same in all.. Recognizing this oneness with the meeting of the palms, we salute with head bowed the Divinity in the person we meet. That is why sometimes, we close our eyes as we do namaste to a revered person or the Lord – as if to look within. The gesture is often accompanied by words like "Ram Ram", "Jai Shri Krishna", "Namo Narayana", "Jai Siya Ram", "Om Shanti" etc – indicating the recognition of this divinity.
When we know this significance, our greeting does not remain just a superficial gesture or word but paves the way for a deeper communion with another in an atmosphere of love and respect.

4. Why do we prostrate before parents and elders?

Indians prostrate before their parents, elders, teachers and noble souls by touching their feet. The elder in turn blesses us by placing his or her hand on or over our heads. Prostration is done daily, when we meet elders and particularly on important occasions like the beginning of a new task, birthdays, festivals etc. In certain traditional circles, prostration is accompanied byabhivaadana, which serves to introduce one-self, announce one's family and social stature.
Man stands on his feet. Touching the feet in prostration is a sign of respect for the age, maturity, nobility and divinity that our elders personify. It symbolizes our recognition of their selfless love for us and the sacrifices they have done for our welfare. It is a way of humbly acknowledging the greatness of another. This tradition reflects the strong family ties, which has been one of India's enduring strengths.

The good wishes (Sankalpa) and blessings (aashirvaada) of elders are highly valued in India. We prostrate to seek them. Good thoughts create positive vibrations. Good wishes springing from a heart full of love, divinity and nobility have a tremendous strength. When we prostrate with humility and respect, we invoke the good wishes and blessings of elders which flow in the form of positive energy to envelop us. This is why the posture assumed whether it is in the standing or prone position, enables the entire body to receive the energy thus received.

The different forms of showing respect are :

Pratuthana – rising to welcome a person.
Namaskaara – paying homage in the form of namaste (discussed separately in this book).
Upasangrahan – touching the feet of elders or teachers.
Shaashtaanga – prostrating fully with the feet, knees, stomach, chest, forehead and arms touching the ground in front of the elder..
Pratyabivaadana – returning a greeting.
Rules are prescribed in our scriptures as to who should prostrate to whom. Wealth, family name, age, moral strength and spiritual knowledge in ascending order of importance qualified men to receive respect. This is why a king though the ruler of the land, would prostrate before a spiritual master. Epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharatahave many stories highlighting this aspect.

5. Why do we wear marks (tilak, pottu and the like) on the forehead?

The tilak or pottu invokes a feeling of sanctity in the wearer and others. It is recognized as a religious mark. Its form and colour vary according to one's caste, religious sect or the form of the Lord worshipped.
In earlier times, the four castes (based on varna or colour) – Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra – applied marks differently. The brahmin applied a white chandan mark signifying purity, as his profession was of a priestly or academic nature. 

The kshatriya applied a red kumkum mark signifying valour as he belonged to warrior races. The vaishya wore a yellow kesar or turmeric mark signifying prosperity as he was a businessman or trader devoted to creation of wealth. The sudra applied a black bhasma, kasturi or charcoal mark signifying service as he supported the work of the other three divisions.

Also Vishnu worshippers apply a chandan tilak of the shape of "U", Shiva worshippers a tripundra (of the shape of "ยบ ") of bhasma, Devi worshippers a red dot of kumkum and so on).

The tilak cover the spot between the eyebrows, which is the seat of memory and thinking. It is known as the Aajna Chakra in the language of Yoga. The tilak is applied with the prayer – "May I remember the Lord. May this pious feeling pervade all my activities. May I be righteous in my deeds." Even when we temporarily forget this prayerful attitude the mark on another reminds us of our resolve. The tilak is thus a blessing of the Lord and a protection against wrong tendencies and forces.

The entire body emanates energy in the form of electromagnetic waves – the forehead and the subtle spot between the eyebrows especially so. That is why worry generates heat and causes a headache. The tilak and pottu cools the forehead, protects us and prevents energy loss. Sometimes the entire forehead is covered with chandan or bhasma. Using plastic reusable "stick bindis" is not very beneficial, even though it serves the purpose of decoration.

6. Why do we not touch papers, books and people with the feet?

To Indians, knowledge is sacred and divine. So it must be given respect at all times. Nowadays we separate subjects as sacred and secular. But in ancient India every subject – academic or spiritual – was considered divine and taught by the guru in thegurukula.
The custom of not stepping on educational tools is a frequent reminder of the high position accorded to knowledge in Indian culture. From an early age, this wisdom fosters in us a deep reverence for books and education. This is also the reason why we worship books, vehicles and instruments once a year on Saraswathi Pooja or Ayudha Pooja day, dedicated to the Goddess of Learning.

 In fact, each day before starting our studies, we pray:

Saraswati namasthubhyam
Varade kaama roopini
Vidyaarambham karishyaami 
Sidhirbhavatu me sadaa

O Goddess Saraswati, the giver of
Boons and fulfiller of wishes,
I prostrate to You before
starting my studies.
May you always fulfill me?

6a. To touch another with the feet is considered an act of misdemeanor. Why is this so?
Man is regarded as the most beautiful, living breathing temple of the Lord! Therefore touching another with the feet is akin to disrespecting the divinity within him or her. This calls for an immediate apology, which is offered with reverence and humility.

7. Why do we apply the holy ash?

This shows extreme case of applying ash(this is toomuch and not commonly done
The ash of any burnt object is not regarded as holy ash. Bhasma (the holy ash) is the ash from the homa (sacrificial fire) where special wood along with ghee and other herbs is offered as worship of the Lord. Or the deity is worshipped by pouring ash as abhisheka and is then distributed as bhasma.

Bhasma is generally applied on the forehead. Some apply it on certain parts of the body like the upper arms, chest etc. Some ascetics rub it all over the body. Many consume a pinch of it each time they receive it.

The word bhasma means, "that by which our sins are destroyed and the Lord is remembered". Bha implied bhartsanam ("to destroy") and sma implies smaranam ("to remember"). The application of bhasma therefore signifies destruction of the evil and remembrance of the divine. Bhasma is called vibhuti (which means "glory") as it gives glory to one who applies it and raksha (which means a source of protection) as it protects the wearer from ill health and evil, by purifying him or her.

Homa (offering of oblations into the fire with sacred chants) signifies the offering or surrender of the ego and egocentric desires into the flame of knowledge or a noble and selfless cause. The consequent ash signifies the purity of the mind, which results from such actions.
Also the fire of knowledge burns the oblation and wood signifying ignorance and inertia respectively. The ash we apply indicates that we should burn false identification with the body and become free of the limitations of birth and death. This is not to be misconstrued as a morose reminder of death but as a powerful pointer towards the fact that time and tide wait for none.

Bhasma is specially associated with Lord Shiva who applies it all over His body. Shiva devotes apply bhasma as a tripundra (the form of "�¬ "). When applied with a red spot at the center, the mark symbolizes Shiva-Shakti (the unity of energy and matter that creates the entire seen and unseen universe).
Bhasma has medicinal value and is used in many ayurvedic medicines. It absorbs excess moisture from the body and prevents colds and headaches. The Upanishads say that the famous Mrityunjaya mantra should be chanted whilst applying ash on the forehead.

Tryambakam yajaamahe
Sugandhim pushtivardhanam
Urvaa rukamiva bhandhanaan
Mrytyor muksheeyamaa amrutaat

"We worship the three-eyed Lord Shiva who nourishes and spread fragrance in our lives. May He free us from the shackles of sorrow, change and death – effortlessly, like the fall of a rip brinjal from its stem."

8. Why do offer food to the Lord before eating it?

Indians make an offering of food to the Lord and later partake of it as prasaada – a holy gift from the Lord. In our daily ritualistic worship (pooja) too we offer naivedyam (food) to the Lord.
The Lord is omnipotent and omniscient. Man is a part, while the Lord is the totality. All that we do is by His strength and knowledge alone. Hence what we receive in life as a result of our actions is really His alone. We acknowledge this through the act of offering food to Him. This is exemplified by the Hindi words "tera tujko arpan"– I offer what is Yours to You. Thereafter it is akin to His gift to us, graced by His divine touch.

Knowing this, our entire attitude to food and the act of eating changes. The food offered will naturally be pure and the best. We share what we get with others before consuming it. We do not demand, complain or criticise the quality of the food we get. We eat it with cheerful acceptance ( prasaada buddhi).

Before we partake of our daily meals we first sprinkle water around the plate as an act of purification. Five morsels of food are placed on the side of the plate acknowledging the debt owed by us to the Divine forces ( devta runa) for their benign grace and protection, our ancestors (pitru runa) for giving us their lineage and a family culture, the sages (rishi runa) as our religion and culture have been "realised", aintained and handed down to us by them, our fellow beings ( manushya runa) who constitute society without the support of which we could not live as we do and other living beings (bhuta runa) for serving us selflessly.

Thereafter the Lord, the life force, who is also within us as the five life-giving physiological functions, is offered the food. This is done with the chant

praanaaya swaahaa,
apaanaaya swaahaa,
vyaanaaya swaahaa,
udaanaaya swaahaa,
samaanaaya swaahaa,
brahmane swaahaa

After offering the food thus, it is eaten as prasaada – blessed food.

9. Why do we fast?

Most devout Indians fast regularly or on special occasions like festivals. On such days they do not eat at all, eat once or make do with fruits or a special diet of simple food.
Fasting in Sanskrit is called upavaasa. Upa means "near" + vaasa means "to stay". Upavaasa therefore means staying near (the Lord), meaning the attainment of close mental proximity with the Lord. Then what has upavaasa to do with food?
A lot of our time and energy is spent in procuring food items, preparing, cooking, eating and digesting food. Certain food types make our minds dull and agitated. Hence on certain days man decides to save time and conserve his energy by eating either simple, light food or totally abstaining from eating so that his mind becomes alert and pure. The mind, otherwise pre-occupied by the thought of food, now entertains noble thoughts and stays with the Lord. Since it is a self-imposed form of discipline it is usually adhered to with joy.
Also every system needs a break and an overhaul to work at its best. 

Rest and a change of diet during fasting is very good for the digestive system and the entire body.

The more you indulge the senses, the more they make their demands. Fasting helps us to cultivate control over our senses, sublimate our desires and guide our minds to be poised and at peace..

Fasting should not make us weak, irritable or create an urge to indulge later. This happens when there is no noble goal behind fasting.
The Bhagavad-Gita urges us to eat appropriately – neither too less nor too much – yukta-aahaara and to eat simple, pure and healthy food (a saatvik diet) even when not fasting.

10. Why do we do pradakshina (circumambulate) ?

We cannot draw a circle without a center point. The Lord is the center, source and essence of our lives. Recognizing Him as the focal point in our lives, we go about doing our daily chores. This is the significance of pradakshina.

Also every point on the circumference of a circle is equidistant from the center. This means that wherever or whoever we may be, we are equally close to the Lord. His grace flows towards us without partiality.

11. Why is pradakshina done only in a clockwise manner?

The reason is not, as a person said, to avoid a traffic jam! As we do pradakshina, the Lord is always on our right. In India the right side symbolizes auspiciousness. So as we circumambulate the sanctum sanctorum we remind ourselves to lead an auspicious life of righteousness, with the Lord who is the indispensable source of help and strength, as our guide – the "right hand".

Indian scriptures enjoin – matrudevo bhava, pitrudevo bhava, acharyadevo bhava. May you consider your parents and teachers as you would the Lord. With this in mind we also do pradakshina around our parents and divine personages.
After the completion of traditional worship (pooja), we customarily do pradakshina around ourselves. In this way we recognize and remember the supreme divinity within us, which alone is idolized in the form of the Lord that we worship outside.

12. Why do we regard trees and plants as sacred?

The Lord, the life in us, pervades all living beings, be they plants or animals. Hence, they are all regarded as sacred. Human life on earth depends on plants and trees. They give us the vital factors that make life possible on earth: food, oxygen, clothing, shelter, medicines etc.

Hence, in India, we are taught to regard trees and plants as sacred. Indians scriptures tell us to plant ten trees if, for any reason, we have to cut one. We are advised to use parts of trees and plants only as much as is needed for food, fuel, shelter etc. we are also urged to apologies to a plant or tree before cutting it to avoid incurring a specific sin named soona trees and plants like tulasi, peepal etc., which have tremendous beneficial qualities, are worshipped till today. It is believed that divine beings manifest as trees and plants, and many people worship them to fulfill their desires or to please the Lord.

12. Why do we ring the bell in a temple?

Is it to wake up the Lord? But the Lord never sleeps. Is it to let the Lord know we have come? He does not need to be told, as He is all knowing. Is it a form of seeking permission to enter His precinct? It is a homecoming and therefore entry needs no permission. The Lord welcomes us at all times. Then why do we ring the bell?

The ringing of the bell produces what is regarded as an auspicious sound. It produces the sound Om, the universal name of the Lord. There should be auspiciousness within and without, to gain the vision of the Lord who is all-auspiciousness.

Even while doing the ritualistic aarati, we ring the bell. It is sometimes accompanied by the auspicious sounds of the conch and other musical instruments. An added significance of ringing the bell, conch and other instruments is that they help drowned any inauspicious or irrelevant noises and comments that might disturb or distract the worshippers in their devotional ardour, concentration and inner peace.

As we start the daily ritualistic worship (pooja) we ring the bell, chanting:

Aagamaarthamtu devaanaam
gamanaarthamtu rakshasaam
Kurve ghantaaravam tatra
devataahvaahna lakshanam

I ring this bell indicating
the invocation of divinity,
So that virtuous and noble forces
enter (my home and heart);
and the demonic and evil forces
from within and without, depart.

13. Why do we worship the kalasha ?

First of all what is a kalasha? A brass, mud or copper pot is filled with water. Mango leaves are placed in the mouth of the pot and a coconut is placed over it. A red or white thread is tied around its neck or sometimes all around it in a intricate diamond-shaped pattern. The pot may be decorated wit designs. Such a pot is known as a kalasha.
When the pot is filled with water or rice, it is known as purnakumbha representing the inert body which when filled with the divine life force gains the power to do all the wonderful things that makes life what it is.

A kalasha is placed with due rituals on all-important occasions like the traditional house warming ( grihapravesa), wedding, daily worship etc. It is placed near the entrance as a sign of welcome. It is also used in a traditional manner while receiving holy personages. Why do we worship the kalasha ? Before the creation came into being, Lord Vishnu was reclining on His snake-bed in the milky ocean. From His navel emerged a lotus from which appeared Lord Brahma, the creator, who thereafter created this world.

The water in the kalasha symbolizes the primordial water from which the entire creation emerged. It is the giver of life to all and has the potential of creating innumerable names and forms, the inert objects and the sentient beings and all that is auspicious in the world from the energy behind the universe. The leaves and coconut represent creation.
The thread represents the love that "binds" all in creation. The kalasha is therefore considered auspicious and worshipped. The waters from all the holy rivers, the knowledge of all the Vedas and the blessings of all the deities are invoked in the kalashaand its water is thereafter used for all the rituals, including the abhisheka.

The consecration (kumbhaabhisheka) of a temple is done in a grand manner with elaborate rituals including the pouring of one or more kalashas of holy water on the top of the temple. When the asuras and devas churned the milky ocean, the Lord appeared bearing the pot of nectar, which blessed one with everlasting life.

Thus the kalasha also symbolizes immortality. Men of wisdom are full and complete as they identify with the infinite Truth (poornatvam). They brim with joy and love and respect all that is auspicious. We greet them with a purnakumbha ("full pot") acknowledging their greatness and as a sign of respectful and reverential welcome, with a "full heart".

14. Why do we consider the lotus as special?

The lotus is the symbol of truth, auspiciousness and beauty (satyam, shivam, sundaram). The Lord is also that nature and therefore, His various aspects are compared to a lotus ( i.e. lotus-eyes, lotus feet, lotus hands, the lotus of the heart etc.).

The lotus blooms with the rising sun and close at night. Similarly, our minds open up and expand with the light of knowledge. The lotus grows even in slushy areas. It remains beautiful and untainted despite its surroundings, reminding us that we too can and should strive to remain pure and beautiful within, under all circumstances.

The lotus leaf never gets wet even though it is always in water. It symbolizes the man of wisdom (gyaani ) who remains ever joyous, unaffected by the world of sorrow and change.

This is revealed in a shloka from the Bhagwad-Geeta:

Brahmanyaadhaaya karmaani
Sangam tyaktvaa karoti yaha 
Lipyate na sa paapena
Padma patram ivaambhasaa

He who does actions, offering them to Brahman (the Supreme), abandoning attachment, is not tainted by sin, just as a lotus leaf remains unaffected by the water on it.
From this, we learn that what is natural to the man of wisdom becomes a discipline to be practiced by all saadhakas or spiritual seekers and devotees. Our bodies have certain energy centers described in the Yoga Shaastras as chakras.

Each one is associated with lotus that has a certain number of petals. For example, a lotus with a thousand petals represents the Sahasra chakra at the top of the head, which opens when the yogi attains Godhood or Realisation. Also, the lotus posture (padmaasana) is recommended when one sits for meditation. A lotus emerged from the navel of Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahma originated from it to create the world. Hence, the lotus symbolizes the link between the creator and the supreme Cause.

It also symbolizes Brahmaloka, the abode of Lord Brahma. The auspicious sign of the swastika is said to have evolved from the lotus.

15. Why do we worship tulasi?

In Sanskrit, tulanaa naasti athaiva tulasi - that which is incomparable (in its qualities) is the tulasi .

For Indians it is one of the most sacred plants. In fact it is known to be the only thing used in worship, which, once used, can be washed and reused in pooja - as it is regarded so self-purifying.

As one story goes, Tulasi was the devoted wife of Shankhachuda, a celestial being. She believed that Lord Krishna tricked her into sinning. So she cursed Him to become a stone ( shaaligraama). Seeing her devotion and adhered to righteousness, the Lord blessed her saying that she would become the worshipped plant, tulasi that would adorn His head.
Also that all offerings would be incomplete without the tulasi leaf - hence the worship of tulasi.

She also symbolises Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu. Those who wish to be righteous and have a happy family life worship the tulasi.
Tulasi is married to the Lord with all pomp and show as in any wedding.
This is because according to another legend, the Lord blessed her to be His consort. Satyabhama once weighed Lord Krishna against all her legendary wealth. The scales did not balance till a single tulasi leaf was placed along with the wealth on the scale by Rukmini with devotion.

Thus the tulasi played the vital role of demonstrating to the world that even a small object offered with devotion means more to the Lord than all the wealth in the world.

The tulasi leaf has great medicinal value and is used to cure various ailments, including the common cold.

Yanmule sarvatirhaani 
Yannagre sarvadevataa
Yanmadhye sarvavedaascha 
Tulasi taam namaamyaham

I bow down to the tulasi, At whose base are all the holy places, At whose top reside all the deities and In whose middle are all the Vedas.

16. Why do we blow the conch?

When the conch is blown, the primordial sound of Om emanates. Om is an auspicious sound that was chanted by the Lord before creating the world. It represents the world and the Truth behind it.

As the story goes, the demon Shankhaasura defeated devas, the Vedas and went to the bottom of the ocean. The devas appealed to Lord Vishnu for help. He incarnated asMatsya Avataara - the "fish incarnation" and killed Shankhaasura. The Lord blew the conch-shaped bone of his ear and head. The Om sound emanated, from which emerged the Vedas.
All knowledge enshrined in the Vedas is an elaboration of Om . The conch therefore is known as shankha after Shankaasua. The conch blown by the Lord is called Paanchajanya. He carries it at all times in one of His four hands.

It represents dharma or righteousness that is one of the four goals (purushaarthas) of life. The sound of the conch is thus also the victory call of good over evil.
Another well-known purpose of blowing the conch and the instruments, known traditionally to produce auspicious sounds is to drown or mask negative comments or noises that may disturb or upset the atmosphere or the minds of worshippers.

Ancient India lived in her villages. Each village was presided over by a primary temple and several small ones. During theaarati performed after all-important poojas and on sacred occasions, the conch used to be blown. Since villages were generally small, the sound of the conch would be heard all over the village. People who could not make it to the temple were reminded to stop whatever they were doing, at least for a few seconds, and mentally bow to the Lord. The conch sound served to briefly elevate people's minds to a prayerful attitude even in the middle of their busy daily routine.

The conch is placed at the altar in temples and homes next to the Lord as a symbol of Naada Brahma (Truth), the Vedas,Om, dharma, victory and auspiciousness. It is often used to offer devotees thirtha (sanctified water) to raise their minds to the highest Truth.

It is worshipped with the following verse.

Twam puraa saagarot pannaha
Vishnunaa vidhrutahakare 
Devaischa poojitha sarvahi
Panchjanya namostu te
Salutations to Panchajanya

the conch born of the ocean
Held in the hand of Lord Vishnu
and worshipped by all devaas

17. Why do we say shaanti thrice?

Shaanti, meaning "peace", is a natural state of being. Disturbances are created either by others or us. For example, peace already exists in a place until someone makes noise.
Therefore, peace underlies all our agitations. When agitations end, peace is naturally experienced since it was already there. Where there is peace, there is happiness. Therefore, every one without exception desires peace in his/her life.

However, peace within or without seems very hard to attain because it is covered by our own agitations. A rare few manage to remain peaceful within even in the midst of external agitation and troubles. To invoke peace, we chant prayers. By chanting prayers, troubles end and peace is experienced internally, irrespective of the external disturbances. All such prayers end by chanting shaanti thrice.

It is believed that trivaram satyam - that which is said thrice comes true. For emphasizing a point we repeat a thing thrice. In the court of law also, one who takes the witness stands says, "I shall speak the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth".
We chant shaanti thrice to emphasise our intense desire for peace. All obstacles, problems and sorrows originate from three sources.

Aadhidaivika : The unseen divine forces over which we have little or no control like earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions etc.

Aadhibhautika: The known factors around us like accidents, human contacts, pollution, crime etc.

Aadhyaatmika : We sincerely pray to the Lord that at least while we undertake special tasks or even in our daily lives, there are no problems or that, problems are minimised from the three sources written about above.

May peace alone prevail. Hence shaanti is chanted thrice.

It is chanted aloud the first time, addressing the unseen forces. It is chanted softer the second time, directed to our immediate surroundings and those around, and softest the last time as it is addressed to oneself.

18. Why do we offer a coconut?

In India one of the most common offerings in a temple is a coconut. It is also offered on occasions like weddings, festivals, the use of a new vehicle, bridge, house etc. It is offered in the sacrificial fire whilst performing homa. The coconut is broken and placed before the Lord. It is later distributed as prasaada.

The fibre covering of the dried coconut is removed except for a tuft on the top. The marks on the coconut make it look like the head of a human being. The coconut is broken, symbolising the breaking of the ego. The juice within, representing the inner tendencies ( vaasanas) is offered along with the white kernel - the mind, to the Lord.

A mind thus purified by the touch of the Lord is used as prasaada ( a holy gift). In the traditional abhishekha ritual done in all temples and many homes, several materials are poured over the deity like milk, curd, honey, tender coconut water, sandal paste, holy ash etc. Each material has a specific significance of bestowing certain benefits on worshippers. Tender coconut water is used in abhisheka rituals since it is believed to bestow spiritual growth on the seeker.

The coconut also symbolises selfless service. Every part of the tree -the trunk, leaves, fruit, coir etc. Is used in innumerable ways like thatches, mats, tasty dishes, oil, soap etc. It takes in even salty water from the earth and converts it into sweet nutritive water that is especially beneficial to sick people. It is used in the preparation of many ayurvedic medicines and in other alternative medicinal systems.

The marks on the coconut are even thought to represent the three-eyed Lord Shiva and therefore it is considered to be a means to fulfill our desires.

19. Why do we chant Om?

Om is one of the most chanted sound symbols in India. It has a profound effect on the body and mind of the one who chants and also on the surroundings. Most mantras and vedic prayers start with Om.

All auspicious actions begin with Om. It is even used as a greeting - Om, Hari Om etc. It is repeated as a mantra or meditated upon. Its form is worshipped, contemplated upon or used as an auspicious sign.

Om is the universal name of the Lord. It is made up of the letters A (phonetically as in "around"), U (phonetically as in "put") and M (phonetically as in "mum"). The sound emerging from the vocal chords starts from the base of the throat as "A". With the coming together of the lips, "U" is formed and when the lips are closed, all sounds end in "M".

The three letters symbolize the three states (waking, dream and deep sleep), the three deities (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur and Sama) the three worlds (Bhuh, Bhuvah, Suvah) etc. The Lord is all these and beyond.

The formless, attributeless Lord (Brahman) is represented by the silence between two Om Chants. Om is also called pranavathat means, "that (symbol or sound) by which the Lord is praised". The entire essence of the Vedas is enshrined in the word Om. It is said that the Lord started creating the world after chanting Om and atha. Hence its sound is considered to create an auspicious beginning for any task that we undertake. The Om chant should have the resounding sound of a bell (aaooommm).

Om is written in different ways in different places. The most common form symbolizes Lord Ganesha's. The upper curve is the head; the lower large one, the stomach; the side one, the trunk; and the semi-circular mark with the dot, the sweetmeat ball (modaka) in Lord Ganesha's hand. Thus Om symbolizes everything - the means and the goal of life, the world and the Truth behind it, the material and the Sacred, all form and the Formless.

20. Why do we do aarati ?

Towards the end of every ritualistic worship (pooja or bhajan) of the Lord or to welcome an honored guest or saint, we perform the aarati. This is always accompanied by the ringing of the bell and sometimes by singing, playing of musical instruments and clapping.
It is one of the sixteen steps (shodasha upachaara) of the pooja ritual. It is referred to as the lighted lamp in the right hand, which we wave in a clockwise circling movement to light the entire form of the Lord.

Each part is revealed individually and also the entire form of the Lord. As the light is waved we either do mental or loud chanting of prayers or simply behold the beautiful form of the Lord, illumined by the lamp. At the end of the aarati we place our hands over the flame and then gently touch our eyes and the top of the head.

We have seen and participated in this ritual from our childhood. Let us find out why we do the aarati?

Having worshipped the Lord of love - performing abhisheka, decorating the image and offering fruits and delicacies, we see the beauty of the Lord in all His glory. Our minds are focused on each limb of the Lord as the lamp lights it up. It is akin to silent open-eyed meditation on His beauty. The singing, clapping, ringing of the bell etc. denote the joy and auspiciousness, which accompanies the vision of the Lord.

Aarati is often performed with camphor. This holds a telling spiritual significance. Camphor when lit, burns itself out completely without leaving a trace of it. It represents our inherent tendencies ( vaasanas). When lit by the fire of knowledge which illumines the Lord (Truth), our vaasanas thereafter burn themselves out completely, not leaving a trace of ego which creates in us a sense of individuality that keeps us separate from the Lord.

Also while camphor burns to reveal the glory of Lord, it emits a pleasant perfume even while it sacrifices itself. In our spiritual progress, even as we serve the guru and society, we should willingly sacrifice ourselves and all we have, to spread the "perfume" of love to all. We often wait a long while to see the illumined Lord but when the aarati is actually performed, our eyes close automatically as if to look within. This is to signify that each of us is a temple of the Lord.

Just as the priest reveals the form of the Lord clearly with the aarati flame, so too the guru reveals to us the divinity within each of us with the help of the "flame" of knowledge (or the light of spiritual knowledge). At the end of the aarati, we place our hands over the flame and then touch our eyes and the top of the head. It means - may the light that illuminated the Lord light up my vision; may my vision be divine and my thoughts noble and beautiful.

The philosophical meaning of aarati extends further. The sun, moon, stars, lightning and fire are the natural sources of light. The Lord is the source of this wonderous phenomenon of the universe. It is due to Him alone that all else exist and shine. As we light up the Lord with the flame of the aarati, we turn our attention to the very source of all light, which symbolizes knowledge and life.

Also the sun is the presiding deity of the intellect, the moon, that of the mind, and fire, that of speech. The Lord is the supreme consciousness that illuminates all of them. Without Him, the intellect cannot think, nor can the mind feel nor the tongue speaks. The Lord is beyond the mind, intellect and speech. How can this finite equipment illuminate the Lord? Therefore, as we perform the aarati we chant;

Na tatra suryo bhaati na chandra taarakam
Nemaa vidyuto bhaanti kutoyamagnib 
Tameva bhaantam anubhaati sarvam
Tasya bhasa sarvam idam vibhaati

He is there where the sun does not shine,
Nor the moon, stars and lightning.
then what to talk of this small flame (in my hand),
Everything (in the universe) shines only after the Lord,
And by His light alone are we all illumined.